Resolution Format

Making a Resolution

Resolutions are the end result of discussion, writing and negotiation. They are written international statements or international law, depending on the power of the committee. Most committees acting within the auspices of the United Nations produce suggestion-oriented resolutions; the Security Council produces resolutions that may be defined as having the force of law.

The following are the stages of a resolution:

Working Paper

When delegates have just begun working on the document, the document is not a “resolution,” but a “working paper.” A document is a working paper from the moment it is created until it has been edited and meets the format rules of the conference, at which point it becomes a Draft Resolution. Prior to this approval, it is not officially property of the committee, and cannot be referred to in speeches.

Draft Resolution

The Draft Resolution can be voted upon by the members of the committee. It can be printed and distributed to the delegates and now it can be referred to in speeches. It is also now the “property of the body,” meaning that it is no longer “owned” by the authors but by the committee at large. The Draft Resolution phase ends when delegates move into Voting Bloc on the topic.

A draft resolution must always gain the support of a certain number of member states in the committee before the sponsors (the delegates who created the resolution) may submit it to the committee staff. A staff member will read the draft resolution to ensure that it is relevant and in proper format. Only when a staff member formally accepts the document and assigns it a number can it be referred to in formal debate.

In some cases a delegate must make a motion to introduce the draft resolution, while in other cases the sponsors are immediately called upon to read the document. Because these procedures can vary, it is essential to find out about the resolution process for the conference you plan to attend.


After a Draft Resolution has been voted on in voting bloc, it becomes a Resolution (if it passes).

Parts of a resolution

This is the full name of your committee.


Sponsors of a draft resolution are countries that support the resolution; they are bound to support it and vote in favor of it by virtue of being a sponsor. Usually, the list of sponsors is the list of the primary authors of the draft resolution.


Signatories are similar to sponsors, except that they are not bound to support the document. “Signing on,” or becoming a signatory, means that you want the resolution to be debated and/or voted upon – no more, no less.


The title is usually the title of your topic (i.e. “The Situation in Iran”), though it can also refer to a particular proposal within the document at the discretion of the sponsors and the dais.

Preambulatory Clauses:

Preambular clauses (also known as “preambulatory clauses” or “pre-ams”) are the clauses that provide context, reasoning and justification for the operative clauses. They usually “set up the problem” or explain why the committee feels a need to act. They also usually get more specific and state why the committee feels a need to act in the specific way they’re going to. The first portion of the clause is either italicized or underlined. Preambulatory clauses may not be amended or divided.

Operative Clauses:

Operative clauses are the parts of the resolution that actually do something. If you’re sending in peacekeepers, condemning a country’s actions, calling for a ceasefire, or allocating money, it takes place in the operative clauses. The first portion of the clause is underlined, and each operative clause is numbered and ends with a semicolon (;).

Preambulatory Phrases:

Affirming Expecting Having examined
Alarmed by Emphasizing Having received
Approving Expecting Keeping in mind
Bearing in mind Expressing its appreciation Noting with deep concern
Believing Fulfilling Nothing with satisfaction
Confident Fully aware Noting further
Contemplating Emphasizing Observing
Convinced Expecting Reaffirming
Declaring Expressing its appreciation Realizing
Deeply concerned Fulfilling Recalling
Deeply conscious Fully aware Recognizing
Deeply convinced Further deploring Referring
Deeply disturbed Further recaling Seeking
Deeply regreting Guided by Taking into consideration
Desiring Having adopted Taking note
Emphasizing Having considered Viewing with appreaciation
Operative Phrases

Accepts Encourages Further recommends
Affirms Endorses Further requests
Approves Expresses its appreciation Further resolves
Authorizes Expresses its hope Has resolved
Calls Further invites Notes
Calls upon Deplores Proclaims
Condemns Designates Reaffirms
Confirms Draws the attention Recommends
Congratulates Emphasizes Regrets
Considers Encourages Reminds
Declares accordingly Endorses Requests
Deplores Expresses its appreciation Solemnly affirms
Designates Expresses its hope Strongly condemns
Draws the attention Further invites Supports
Emphasizes Further proclaims Takes notes of
Further reminds

Preambulatory and Operative Clauses. (n.d.). United Nations Association of the USA. Retrieved June 8, 2014, from

Resolution Writing - Model United Nations. (n.d.). Resolution Writing - Model United Nations. Retrieved June 8, 2014, from

Sample Resolution

Committee: General Assembly

Sponsors: Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Cambodia, Afghanistan, Pakistan

Signatories: All of the committee

Title: Financing for Development

The General Assembly,

Emphasizing the importance of General Assembly resolution 41/128 which declares a nation’s right to development as a fundamental Human Right,

Recalling resolution 57/272 of February 13, 2003 in regards to High-level international and intergovernmental consideration of financing for development,

Recognizing the compliance of resolution 57/273 of March 5, 2003 with regards (9) to the insurance of support from the secretariat to follow up on matters pertaining to financing for development,

Guided by the principles enshrined in the Monterrey Consensus,

Concerned about the harmful economic practices used by some of the developed world against the developing world,

  1. Encourages the implementation of the commitment to increase the Official of Development Assistance to 0.7% of GDP from highly developed countries and within the Office of Economic Co-operation and Assistance in the form of financial and monetary aid for instances such as emergency and disaster relief, economic and technological development, and for health care improvement;

  2. Calls for UNITAR to increase educational development and training programs to boost the value of human capital in lesser developed regions in order to promote strategic forecasting for future success to establish and sustain self-sufficiency;

  3. Supports successful investment in infrastructure, agriculture, manufacturing, and commercial ventures in poor economic regions such as Asian, African, European, South American, and Central American blocks;

  4. Proclaims for the creation of Direct Regional Investment Groups (DRIG) in these regional blocks, which shall receive monetary donations from member countries of that region. These groups shall in turn invest these donations in their respective regions for the purpose of both expanding the economies of the region and creating a return on investments for the member countries;

  5. Further requests developing countries to enforce gender equality to the best of their ability as a necessity to achieve economic equality.

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